Foucault Against Himself
Directed by Francois Caillat • Documentary • With Michel Foucault • 2014 • 52 minutes
'Don't ask me who I am, and don't tell me to remain the same.' -- Michel Foucault From the history of madness, to sexuality and pleasure in classical antiquity, to the law and penal institutions, the breadth of Michel Foucault's thought was astonishing. One of the leading intellectuals of the 20th century, Foucault bridged the roles of intellectual and activist, attaining the highest honours of the French academy while using his position to attack the very institutional power that gave him a platform. Divided into four chapters, FOUCAULT AGAINST HIMSELF focuses on Foucault's critique of psychiatry, his work on the history of sexuality, the growth of his radicalism arising from his research into the French penal system, the nature of knowledge and underlying structures of human behavior, and his immersion in American counter-cultural movements - in particular the resistance to current social structures that he found among sexual minority communities in San Francisco. The film brings together leading philosophers, sociologists and historians - among them Leo Bersani, who first invited Foucault to speak at UC Berkeley - as well as footage of Foucault himself and French and American archival material depicting events that profoundly influenced him. Foucault was profoundly opposed to the notion of small fiefdoms of knowledge. His approach was eclectic (a philosopher writing extensively about history and surveying prisoners on their living conditions, to give two examples) and wide-ranging. Philosopher and art historian Georges Didi-Huberman calls him an intellectual 'nomad... crossing the territorial boundaries of knowledge. There are certain threads that run through his work - in particular the critique of institutional power and the celebration of resistance - but it was also...